• What’s the Difference Between a “Trojan Horse”, a “Worm”, and a “Virus”?

     

    There’s no shortage of confusing terminology in the computer biz. With the advent of malicious software, more terminology has been created that only make things less clear.

    The good news is that it’s not really that difficult; in fact, you needn’t understand most of the details (besides, not everyone agrees on the exact meaning of each definition).

    Let’s run down a few terms.

    Malware

    The most important term to know is malware, which is short for malicious software.

    The name says it all: malware is any software that has malicious intent — destroy data, send spam, hold your data for ransom, steal your information — it doesn’t matter. It’s all malicious, it’s all software; thus, it’s all malware.

    You’ll find malware used as a catch-all term for all flavors and varieties of software that intend some kind of harm.

    Virus

    In the human body, a virus is an organism that replicates, or makes copies of, itself and overwhelms the body’s defenses, making it sick.

    When applied to computers, the term “virus” is very similar.

    • A computer virus replicates itself in some way so as to spread within the computer, usually injecting itself into other programs within the computer.
    • A computer virus makes the infected computer “sick”. In the computer sense, “sick” can mean poor performance, crashes, lost files and data, or more.

     

    Very technically, the term virus does not necessarily imply that a piece of malicious software will replicate itself to other systems. In general use, it’s assumed.

    Spyware

    Spyware is a type of malicious software intended not to do damage, but to collect information, or “spy”, on you. Spyware might monitor and report back on your browsing habits and the programs you run, or access and send other information stored on your machine. One canonical form of spyware is the keystroke logger, which, as its name implies, records your keystrokes (and often more) and uploads this information to a third party.

    Worm

    A worm is a program that replicates itself to other computers. It does so by infecting media, such as USB drives, that make contact with multiple systems, transmitting itself over a network somehow, or otherwise copying itself from one computer to another.

    Very technically, again, the term worm does not necessarily imply malicious intent or behavior, other than the replication. In practice, malicious intent is generally assumed.

    Trojan Horse

    A Trojan horse — often just a “trojan” — is a program that claims to be one thing but is, in fact, another. It uses that deception to gain access to a system that would not be given, were the true intent known.

    A trojan horse is not a virus per se, but it may carry them. For example, there are trojans that claim to be patches for various problems, but instead (or in addition) install malware. Software obtained from many download sites is often a type of trojan, using the promise of the software that is desired to install additional malicious software that is not.

    Phishing

    I think of phishing as a kind of email-based trojan horse. It’s email that looks like it comes from some official site, such as your bank, PayPal, or eBay, but actually comes from someone pretending to be them. They typically use some technique to fool you into thinking they are an official site of some sort, so you hand over sensitive information, like your username and password. Once you do so, they steal your other information, often leading to hacked accounts, identity theft, or worse.

    Regardless of the terms used, protect yourself

    The terms are important, but they’re less important than being aware that malicious software — malware — exists, and taking the steps you need to take to keep yourself safe.

    We shouldn’t have to, of course. Hackers shouldn’t exist, and operating systems and other software should be designed to perfectly protect us. The pragmatic reality, however, is that it remains our responsibility to keep our guard up.

    What does that mean?  — it all boils down to using common sense, keeping your software as up-to-date as possible, and running up-to-date anti-malware tools regularly.

    Continue reading  Post ID 2258


  • Fix Windows Update errors with new Windows 10 repair tool

    Fix Windows Update errors with new Windows 10 repair tool

    By on December 19, 2016 in Windows

    Last Update:July 5, 2017

    Fix Windows Update errors is a troubleshooting page on Microsoft’s Support website that aims to help Windows users resolve update related errors.

    This guided walk-through provides steps to fix problems when installing updates. Here are some commonly seen error codes: 0x80073712, 0x800705B4, 0x80004005, 0x8024402F, 0x80070002, 0x80070643, 0x80070003, 0x8024200B, 0x80070422, 0x80070020. These steps should help with all errors and not just the ones listed.

    The support page covers Windows 7, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 only. First thing you do is select one of the listed operating systems on the page.

    What happens afterwards depends on that selection.

    Fix Windows Update errors

    fix windows update errors

    Windows 10 users are asked to download the Windows Update Troubleshooter to their device and run it for instance, while Windows 7 users to run the built-in troubleshooter of the operating system instead before they are offered an updated — but different — update troubleshooter for the operating system.

    This is not the only difference though. While you get fairly basic suggestions for Windows 7 — try the troubleshooter, if that does not work, run a system recovery — suggestions for Windows 10 include two additional steps.

    The first asks you to find the most recent update for Windows 10 that is installed on the machine, run a search for it on Microsoft’s Update site, and download and run the update again.

    The second option, if that did not work either, is to run commands on the command line (with administrative privileges):

    DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-image /Restorehealth

    sfc /scannow

    DISM.exe is the Deployment Imaging and Servicing Management tool which you may use to correct Component Store corruption.

    The second command checks core Windows files for corruption, and replaces them if possible with the correct version.

    Latestwu.diagcab

    windows update troubleshoot

    The Windows Update troubleshooter for Windows 10 is an improved version of the troubleshooter for previous versions of Windows.

    It checks Windows Update and the Background Intelligent Transfer Service (Bits), and also runs Windows Network diagnostics.

    repair windows update

    I suggest you click on advanced on the first screen that opens and disable the automatic repair option. This gives you full control over the troubleshooting process.

    The troubleshooter displays all repair options after a quick scan:

    1. Repair Windows Update Database corruption.
    2. Repair Windows update components.
    3. Fix Windows Firefox blocking connections to Windows Update on the PC.
    4. Contact a network or system administrator, or ISP, to fix Internet connectivity issues.
    5. Check whether default Windows Update data locations have changed.
    6. Fix improperly configured security settings, or missing settings.
    7. Check for missing or corrupt files.
    8. Fix service registration is missing or corrupt.
    9. Fix system date and time aren’t correct.

    As you can see, the tool checks for a couple of things and may fix most of them when you give the ok (or automatically if you have not changed the option under advanced). (via Deskmodder)

    Closing Words

    Windows Update troubleshooters may help repair update related issues but these tools have their limits as well. While the new Windows 10 Windows Update troubleshooter checks for additional issues, it is far from complete and may still lead to you having to perform manual repairs or even a system restore.

    Continue reading  Post ID 2258


  • Update to Windows 10 for FREE

    Windows 10 Free AssistivechnologiesT

     

    Upgrade Ending Soon

     

     

    M icrosoft offered W indow s 10 as a free upgrade for som e tim e after it’s introduction, and in fact there is still a no-cost upgrade path if you have a legitim ate W indow s 7 or above key, or you can also visit the “assistive technologies” page and get an upgrade if you claim to have a need for such technologies.

    The “assistive technologies” m ethod w as som ething M icrosoft w inked at, not requiring any sort of evidence that the person upgrading actually required any kind of special accom m odation.

    N ow , how ever, that option appears to be com ing to an end in a couple of m onths, according to the site itself:

    If you use assistive technologies, you can upgrade to W indow s 10  at no cost as Microsoft continues to improve the Win 10

    experience for people who use technologies.

    Take advantage of this offer before it expires on December 31 2017.

    Here is the Link.

     

    https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/accessibility/windows10upgrade

     


  • Ways to Make Money With a Domain Name

    Ways to Make Money With a Domain Name

    By Hakeem Bak  |   Submitted On August 03, 2017

    The digital economy in its short span of existence has overtaken many traditional businesses in terms of reach, wealth and influence. The digital economic model has revolutionized the way we live, communicate, transit from one point to another and even the way we project and plan about the future. If you take the Uber “Digital Economy” transport model for instance and compare it with the New York “Yellow Cabs” traditional transport model, your conclusion will only be left for your imagination to fathom. Same thing can also be said about Facebook, Google, Twitter, Wikipedia, as they have all drastically revolutionized the way we access information, learn new skills and understand the world around us.

    There is no gain-saying the fact, that we all may not have all it takes to build the next Facebook or Google, but there is no doubt that there are million and one ways, to generate profit by taking advantage of the digital economy. One of the ways to achieve this is though domain names. Do you know that you can make profit with domain names?

    If you want a simple strategy for making money with a domain name, here is one idea that 99.9 percent of domain name owners overlook.

    Ways you can make profit from a domain name include, but not limited to the following:

    1. Sell it: You can sell the domain name for a profit.
    2. Rent it: You can rent the name or the traffic from the name to a company willing to pay for the traffic or even rent out email addresses attached to the domain name. For example, if you own the domain name <a target=”_blank” rel=”nofollow” href=”http://www.lawyers.com“>http://www.lawyers.com</a>, you could charge lawyers an amount for your <a href=”mailto:name@lawyers.com>name@lawyers.com</a> and generate long term recurring profit and it will cost you nothing to do this.
    3. Build on it: You can build a website on the domain name and profit from the traffic or the services the website renders
    4. Lease it out: You can lease the domain name out to a company that wants the name and the associated traffic. A domain is like a piece of real estate, which can have different tenants, cash flow and owners.
    5. Park it: When you own a domain name but don’t want to put up a website until the time is right, you can “park it” with a parking service. A parking service works with Google, Yahoo and some other parking service companies to sell advertising or clicks that take a potential customer from your domain name to an advertiser’s website. The parking service puts up a parking page on your domain and then pays you every time someone comes to your site and clicks on a link. This is a good strategy, especially for sites with lots of direct navigation traffic.

    For those of you who watch the market, who watch for trends and pay attention to the new words, concepts, ideas and market changes, there is going to be a domain name out there that draws web traffic. And that leads to income.